The Gocheok Skydome, a complex for variety of sports and cultural activities, is a heart of the new wave originated in the south west region of Seoul, which we hope to serve as a stimulus for the development of the baseball in Korea. The skydome is green and sustainable with natural lighting and the natural ventilation systems and the dynamic form of the dome symbolizes the energy of a ball that soars into the sky with full of strength.
In the late 1950's, scores of retail shops began to emerge along the Cheonggye-Cheon River that flows through downtown Seoul. The area was eventually developed into the Cheonggye- Cheon Commercial District, a unique and diverse marketplace for manufacturing, production, wholesale, and the retail sale of tools, parts, and machines. With the ambitious Cheonggye- Cheon Restoration Project, however, the district's shops and related establishments were encouraged to relocate to the 'South-East Commercial District.' The 'Project Garden5 Works,' a future-oriented and environmentally friendly production/retail complex was conceived as a part of the project to accommodate the relocated metal shops and retail businesses.
The site, at the southern fringe of the city, enjoys a beautiful natural environment. The Jangji- Cheon River, with its rich green open riverside, flows to the south, and a large city park is situated to the north across the main access road. Access to the site is facilitated by subway and main artery roads.
The Garden5 Works consists of five (5) buildings: the sales/support building, or the main building on the city side, and four production buildings adjacent to the Jangji-Cheon River side. The buildings are deliberately laid out to link the natural environment to the south with the urban environment to the north. The facade of the main building faces the city, and the production wings are spread out from the main building into the green space of the Jangji riverside, at once symbolizing the hand of a work man, the force behind the economic miracle of the 1970's and 80',and the rising morning sun that brightens the future.
At the juncture of the main building and the production buildings, there is a huge atrium: The dynamic major space is where the two functions, sales and production, are merged and information is exchanged. The intention was to create a vibrant main street that is bustling with urban life and full of diverse activities - an homage to the old Cheonggye-Cheon District.
The main building serves as the facade of the complex. It houses publicity, sales, and business facilities, as well as other amenities such as restaurants, stores and lounges. The main lobby in the atrium is directly accessible from the access plaza in front of the building along the main access road. From the lobby, one can access the first and basement floors via escalators and the production buildings via the elevators installed separately in each building. View elevators in the atrium travel between the basement and the 8th floor, connecting the corridors that open toward the atrium and the Janji-Cheon River beyond.
The 'Hub Avenue' on the basement floor is a themed street that is directly accessible from the access plaza through the sunken plaza. At the apex of the avenue is the event hall, from which radial alleys stretch out offering a variety of views. Ninety-two (92) retail stores are arranged between the alleys in concentric circles.
Production buildings that accommodate workshops stretch out toward the river in the shape of a hand with fingers widespread, bringing nature into the open spaces between them. These green spaces also serve as echo bridges to link the green along the Jangji-Cheon River to the city park across the street. Natural lighting and ventilation, needed to maintain a comfortable and healthy workshop environment, are introduced through the balcony open toward the Jangji-Cheon River. The exterior decks and hanging gardens provide natural resting places for the occupants.
The dynamic facade is intentionally simplified in order to respond to the uncharacteristic hexahedron building blocks in the area. The simple but powerful image symbolizes development toward the future and aspires to be an impressive landmark for passersby. In contrast to the boldness of the main facade, the conspicuous horizontal lines and regulated order of human scale, resulting from repetition of the same modular units, offer the production buildings a friendly feeling and sense of stability.
Distinction among public cultural facilities in terms of their roles and operations is becoming increasingly ambiguous these days. Remarkable technological development has made it possible to exchange information without limitation of time and space. One thumb-nail size memory chip, nowadays, can store several hundreds of volumes of books and information on art, images, music, paintings.
Traditional functions of a library such as collection, classification, preservation and public reading of the books, calligraphies, and paintings have been changed because of the revolutionary change in management and conveyance system of information. Roles of a library of these days are also expanded to include functions as a nodal point of local culture that supports a life-time education of all generations from children to elderly.
The Gupo Library Project reflects such socio-cultural changes: Obsolete and inappropriate facilities are renewed and expanded to function as a cultural node for the community of the western district of Busan, especially as a special library for children.
The site is located on the west slope of Baeg-Yang San Mountain in Bug-gu, Busan, within a 5-minute walking distance from Gu-Nam Subway Station. South and east of the east-west long site are converged to the foot of the Bag-Yang San Mountain, a rest area for the residents. On the downhill at the west of the site, a scenic view is wide open toward the far away Nack-dong-gang River. North of the site is adjacent to the playground of the Gupo Middle School. The lane extended toward the Bag-Yang San Mountain through the middle of the site is favored walk-lane of the neighbors.
The design intended to create a nature-friendly healthy environment in harmony with the socio-cultural and natural context of the site. Layout of the building adapts to the existing land formation with minimum change in natural formation. The library is divided into two building blocks, or two functional zones: reading and education facilities at the south for better view and solar access, and the multi-purpose auditorium and dining hall at the north to protect against the noise from the school. The existing walk-lane is integrated into the buildings: It runs through the valley of the two building blocks creating a positive interaction of the building with the nature of the Baeg-Yang San Mountain. Underneath the walk-lane, there is an indoor stair that serves for vertical circulation of the building.
Exterior walls at the north and south are designed to respond to different surroundings: While the ¡°open outside envelope¡± of glazing at the south facilitates natural lighting and ventilation, the hard shell at the north cuts off the noise from the school to preserve its own environment proper for education at the school. As much natural materials as possible are utilized for the exterior of the building to minimize maintenance cost.
A 3x3 basic module was adapted for floor plans to provide flexibility to respond to the change of room size and other requirements. The atrium at the center of the building introduces ample natural light to create a comfortable and alive ambience in the library. The vertical circulation system at the atrium plays a role to integrate the spaces as a whole and enhances the identification of spaces.
A separate entrance is provided for the auditorium, restaurant, and children¡?s library for an easy access of general public, especially the restaurant which is directly accessible from the walk-lane. Variation in shapes and sizes of the space at the children¡?s library is expected to induce imagination and attract a great deal of interest among children.
The winning entry of a competition, this community center for youth requires diverse functions to accommodate various activities of the youths in the community. Included are outdoor sports facilities such as soccer pitch, tennis courts, and gate ball, and indoor facilities such as swimming pools and a gymnasium. Also included are recreation and amusement facilities such as performance hall, exhibition hall, studio, computer animation, computer game, and reading room. The vertical garden at the atrium is an extension of the "green network" created along the axis toward the riverside and serves as a junction of many accesses from different sides of this little urban park.
The proposed site is in the same compound of the head temple of the largest denomination of the Korean Buddhism. Being located in the middle of the cultural belt connecting old palaces and Insadong in downtown in Seoul, the existing main temple, an old traditional building, is a symbolic icon of the Korean Buddhism. To avoid conflict with the main building, it was decided early that the memorial hall should be a simple backdrop to flatter the main building. Simple monotonic fa?ade was adopted to respond to this issue. The air space between the glass wall and inner window-walls provides better air circulation in summer and solar space in winter. As the headquarter building for the denomination, a huge and complex program required to accommodate office spaces, museum, performance hall, and a big conference hall. A large portion of the functions are underground to minimize the profile of the building above the ground level. The modern design of this building selected through a competition signifies the trend and intention to modernize the conservative traditional Buddhism in Korea.
The Alberione Center of the Daughters of St. Paul is the publisher where Pauline sisters proclaim the Good News by means of books, media, and Bible education. The site, originally a part of the Convent compound, was subdivided by the new street that runs north and south through the middle of the compound. The long side of the subdivided site is facing west and had a formidable slope to overcome toward the east. The long rectangular floor plan resulted into a long west facing fa?ade which is open to the panoramic view to the Dobong-san Mountain. In order to capture the view and to control the late summer afternoon sunlight and street noise, double galzed glass wall and vertical louvers were extensively utilized. The main entrance and the main lobby on the second floor are accessible through the arcade along the street. The Floor plan consists of two layers. Since the thin east layer houses the core and smaller offices, it frees up the west layer to provide for large open spaces and the flexibility in floor planning to accommodate ever changing requirement. The Center is connected to the convent by an underground corridor that runs across the street.
Site Area: 187,324㎡
Building Area: 65,399㎡
Gross Floor Area: 34,452㎡
No.of Floor: 1 Story Below Ground,15 Stories Above Ground
Structure: Steel & Reinforced Concrete
Year of Design: 2000
The unique shape of this 2002 Worldcup Stadium resembles "orum", or the local name for the mounds and craters created by parasitic volcanic activities. Located on a gentle slope toward the sea, this low keyed and low profiled stadium helps to preserve the magnificent view from the city and the stadium toward the sea. The wing-shaped roof that covers slightly over 50 percent of all spectator seats is suspended from the six soaring masts by cables. Design of the stadium intends to be harmonized with nature and its environment so that it becomes a part of wholesome environment, as many examples of vernacular architecture do. The stadium satisfies all the FIFA requirements including media facilities, accessibility for disabled, and safety zonings, among others
The contemporary museum is located on a wooded hillside overlooking the porcelain-producing town of Kwangju. It features a two-story barrel-vaulted lobby and four galleries, one of which is devoted to the tradition-based ceramics and ink paintings. Nearby on the landscaped grounds are five additional studios for artist who create sculptures and installations, as well as a dormitory-style residence building for Artists-in-Residency and a shed housing wood-fire kilns. This "eco-museum" seeks to engage the natural environments through such features as glass wall facing a bamboo garden. While accommodating complex programs, the museum serves the community as the art and cultural center.
The main theme of this project is to restore the relationship between man and nature, which has been increasingly alienated in our busy city life in information age. The cluster of town houses in suburban area was planned to introduce natural resources such as sun light, wind, and vegetation into the private court yards of each and every units. It not only enhances the energy performance of the houses but also relates the houses to the land. Hierarchical arrangement of the spaces of gradient scales from the public highway to the community, cluster and finally to the individual units makes it possible to experience an easy transition from artificial to natural environment
This business aims at to build the following architecture. - A symbol which commemorates the 600th anniversary of establishment. - A center of the university - A center of Oriental studies and Korean studies in the world. Therefore, this building should perform an important role as a symbolic building of the university, be equipped with advanced facilities for advanced education, prepare for the global time. The 600th anniversary memorial hall includes main functions such as the head office, the Oriental study center and the related institute, an international conference room, a museum, a banquet hall, etc. and spaces which supports studies, such as a medium lecture hall, an assembly hall, seminar rooms, etc. Preconditions of this plan are as follows; first, as the purpose of this business, this building shall have images of commemoration and a symbol which indicate the meaning of the 600th anniversary of establishment as a center of this University, second, this building shall be harmonized with existing academic and scientific colleges as well as existing building from traditional buildings like Myung-Ryun-Dang, Daesung-Jeon, Bicheon-Dang, etc. to modern buildings. Also, this building shall supply a good environment as a research and education facility for users and be economical and easy to be maintained. Location of the site is near the Sungkyunkwan district which is located near the front gate of the campus, and the school shall be entered through this place. Therefore, it is important to harmonize having little influences on traditional buildings which are small and delicate, and not to screen the view of campus in the rear of the planned site as far as possible. So, the small side, a divided unit of the building shall be arranged facing Sungkyunkwan district, an opening view shall be secured by withdrawing the building from the main entrance(Daesung Ro) so that an exterior space(front square) meeting with large-scaled complex functions can be established. The line of entrance flow is simplified so that many functions can be used independently, particularly, the medium lecture room is given a separate entrance square and an entrance by using the difference of level of the land in order to avoid the disorder of entrance. As a result of careful analysis of the space for solving the complex function within the limited size given by the school, the plan was divided into laboratories used in a small unit, and places which need a large space. And then, that is expressed as two masses and the two are connected with a perpendicular line of flow. The space between the two masses are opened as an atrium from the basement to the highest floor so that all area of the building can have natural light and natural air. The motive of the exterior design applies factors of a traditional building, but, the spirit of modern times is expressed by the method of construction and industrialized and advanced materials, and so on. This shows the axis of time from the establishment of traditional buildings near the campus through today, since that is the vividest symbol which indicating the 600th anniversary of establishment.
Located on a very steep slope at the edge of the campus compromising the difference in level, the college of arts building accommodates colleges of music and fine arts. A 300-seat performance hall and small practice rooms, studios along with regular lecture rooms are clustered in two buildings shaped in an arc around the circular cul-de-sac plaza. The plaza can serve as a stage for outdoor performance while serving as the main access to the building. In contrast to the existing sculpture-like building near-by, the new building is clad with granite and glass with a contemporary look.
The historic city of kimhae, that experienced a fast economic and cultural growth during the past two decades, desired to improve the quality of life in this city. The design competition for sports complex was a part of the city's long term project to develop auxiliary grounds and other supporting facilities in addition to a main stadium and a baseball field. The plaza in front of the main stadium located at the center of the complex along with the shape of the main stadium reflects the city's strong desire to make the complex as a symbol of her long history and culture. The master plan also intended to make the complex as a city park with abundant green spaces and lakes. The construction of the project is postponed indefinitely because of the financial reason due to the economic recess in the 1999
The building site which is not a square, is about 90m from east to west and 60m from south to north. It is 4 m lower than 20m road to the north, abut on the 6m planning road and is surrounded by lower building residential area. Plot planning is, at first, abutting on the 20m road to connect environmental wide order, placing classroom building in the high north area and playground in the low south area which secured space for maintaining good environment such as sunshine and ventilation, and supplying open space to surrounding residence. Second, placing classroom for high grade students in the south and the classroom for low grade students who have little class in the afternoon in the east. These two enable each flow to access to the gate of the school easily. And regional public area like a playground, exterior study area, gymnasium, park area are widely open to the public through sub road. Architectural concept is functional constitution mainly focused on users. Classrooms for lower grades are placed below the third floor to be accessed from main and sub gates and direct access to teachers' rooms and toilets from each classroom is possible. Classrooms for higher grades are located in the south equipped with spaces for textbooks and cleaning outfits. Teachers' room and special classroom are placed in the center to be accessed easily and to be used as study rooms. Utilizing entrance stairs for lower grades and a roof for the gymnasium , we designed exterior study area, rest place and small playground which is considered to make the whole area naturalistic and middle term of co-existing area with local residents.
This is one of the tallest buildings in the commercial area of the Boramae Park, and a complex building with 25 floors above the ground and 7 floors below the ground.
The first 9 floors above the ground have business facilities, and the next 16 floors (10th-25th) are for residents, but also for commercial uses. Those 16 floors are sold to general people. Lower floors are made of granite, and upper floors are made of GRC panel and pastel-tone pair glass.
Entrances and lines of flow of the apartment and the business facility are separated strictly to protect the privacy of residents. The middle part of the apartment has a yard for lighting and ventilation, and an elevator for viewing is installed in the front of the yard for more comfortable life environment and safety. Also, The lower part of the apartment is established with a sky garden and incidental facilities (a house for the aged, a community hall), etc. as a place for apartment residents' rests and a public space.
This temple was expressed with modern techniques. The difference of the height of roads and the site was settled with multistage stairs against the steep entrance. A large space was allowed in the stairs and the yard was surrounded by buildings above the ground. At the south of yard, there is Guryong Mt. that offers great view.
The main objective of this project was to establish a functional relationship between welding plant mass, and support facilities on the 30m(w)×90m(l)×12m(h) rectangular site between the 15m and 10m roads. The main entrance was placed at the 15m road for management and the path of movement for pedestrians, and the sub-entrance was placed at the 10m road for production and distribution of goods. The focal points of the arrangement were the vacant lot for refreshment and gardening because of the narrow ground full of goods and materials, and the office building separated from the press plant to prevent the noise and the vibration. To satisfy these needs and to connect the office building and the plant organically, the elevation of office building was arranged parallel to the 15m road and 1/4 circular center was designed to function as a buffering space and as a core of the arrangement. In the center, the bridge supported by 4 posts in front of the center for some stress and relaxation. The third floor of the office building was designed to set back for sense of the closeness and the openness. The symbolic form was designed for 4 posts supporting bridge for visitors` and managers` movement, but it is remained uncompleted.
The separation of the third floor of the office building and the plant expresses the separation of the office building and the plant and the result of the consideration of the function as a dormitory. Various structural systems were considered for plant in the earlier stage of the design. The triangular pipe truss structure was finally protruded outward for the cost saving and to follow the elevation image of the affiliates plant already processed, and the structural beauty was emphasized by glass coating. The horizontal panel of boltless type was imported between the glass triangular column stressing the vertical shape on elevation for the harmony of the vertical and the horizontal shape. As a result, the structural shape with protruded triangular truss has maximized the illuminating effect inside the plant, vigorous power and alteration of the plant mass that is simple. And it will be function as the company-specific images.
Consists of the main building and research buildings arranged in "L" shape surrounding an open court-yard. The main building has two wings separated, or connected, by the main atrium at the center of the building on the main lobby level. Natural light penetrates through the atrium to reach the lobby which connects auditorium and dining hall at the basement level. All the research departments are housed in two research buildings connected to the main building which can be easily identifiable. Future extension will be easily accommodated by adding additional independent building connecting to the main building.
Conceived as a one-stop-service to the business man who travels around, this, 2.4 million square feet building accommodates many functions related to trade and traveling including merchandise exhibition, business consultation and negotiation, accommodation facilities such as hotel, and check-in/custom clearance facilities for air travel. As a means to resolve the constraint of narrow site, the complex and spacious functions are stacked around the 6-story-high atrium on the elevated artificial ground. The atrium mimics an outdoor space so that the offices on the upper floors has a feeling of facing out door with ample natural lighting.
Changduk girl's high school was removed from Gangbuk, Seoul to Songpa-gu where the Olympic Village is located, and the teacher's building of this school is arranged commonly facing with a playground in front. But, there are an atrium, special classrooms, a dining hall, a library, a gymnasium in the middle of the teacher's building around two courtyards, and theses make a change in the simplicity and an order among spaces. There is a supplementary transferent space with a Pagora shape between general classrooms and the stand of playground and this divides the teacher's building with the playground.
This building is a brick buidling, and has a dividable appearance, and the gable part of the middle area emphasizes the entrance of this building.
Also, plants in the courtyard makes the exterior richer.
Winner of an international competition was programmed to be utilized as accommodation facilities for officials and players during the '88 Seoul Olympic and sold as aparts to individuals after the games. Located near the Olympic Park, the focal point of this huge apartment complex is the candy-cane-shape community center made of glass and steel vault located at the center of the complex. Hundreds of user and environment friendly apartment units are arranged around the community center in radial directions which breaks the monotonic domino-like layout which is typical in Seoul even today. Preservation of the natural axis and open view were the major concern in the site planning. Continuity in the green spaces and street parks throughout the whole community was carefully planned to create natural environment. Single units are planned carefully so that major spaces in almost all the units face south
This Presbyterian Church includes a L-shaped building, a courtyard of the building, and congregation seats formed at the basement. In the L-shaped building on the ground, one side wing includes an education hall and other incidental office facilities, and another side includes an arch-shaped gate, a bell tower, and parts of the education hall. By making the chapel, which is used relatively a bit and occupies a large area, at the basement, a courtyard of the church is formed and this yard is usable by being enclosed with the education hall. Also, it is conspicuous to consider protecting neighboring urban facilities and particularly, privacy of neighboring residences. For materials, reddish bricks are the main material and 치장쌓기 of many places increases the visual effect. On the other hand, the courtyard was finished with glass for all of sides and that contrasts with the closeness of the exterior. In addition, natural sunlight and ventilation is taken into consideration fully from the entrance to the chapel of the basement.
Following the existing natural slopes of the site, great variations in level over the terrain are created and then the level changes which result are invited into the interior of the building. The interior level variations make it possible to ingeniously accommodate the complex function for which the building is designed. At the same time, these level variations greatly enhance communi cation beween the different function within the building. The function of the building is roughly divided into three major groups; a dining area, an office area including student activities spaces, and a small theater. Each of the areas carries its own functional identities, and this causes great richness in overall form of the building. And the areas are properly interrelated to each other through the clearly defined circulation system. Besides, these spaces are spatially well referenced to the outdoor space abutting the dining area.
The Student hall is located in the heart of the campus, so it constitutes the main facilities of the University along with the library. It was formed by two access floors with the dining area at the plaza level and the lounge at the street level. The lounge becomes the main part of the whole building because it is located between the upper self-administrative facilities and the lower dining area. The plaza in front of the dining room is an extension of indoor space and has a role of intermediation space of central plaza and a student center. The main circulation was heavily considered and it provides the clear territory for each function and diverse activity places indoor and outdoor.
The basic concept for this project is to place the structure on the site with the least possible disturbances of the existing natural terrain of the site. As the structure sits on the terrain, the structure meets the undulating surface of the terrain below it and creates many interesting vertical lines and planes of walls. At the same time, some part of the structure does not meet the terrain and instead reveals deep horizontal planes of decks in the air. The design intention is to put together these vertical and horizontal elements in a harmonious relationship. The exterior is finished with natural materials such as stones, wood, and so on. At the same time, through the introduction of large glazed openings the outdoor spaces and the interior of the building meets together and becomes one. The lower floor areas of the building are at or near the ground and vary in level depending on the immediate terrain, and accommodate common uses shared by the family members. The upper level of the house consists of much smaller spaces which serve as the personal space for the family members. The site faces the south and commands a fine view. All the spaces in the building are well lighted and take full advantage of a fine view.
Mapo Rd. where this building is located was underdeveloped although it is one of the main artery road until the end of 1970's. As a result of humorous redevelopment projects in the early 1980's, the street was filled with large scale office buildings and apartments houses to create an admirable skyline as a gateway of Seoul. 3 Lower levels of this large hotel accommodates public spaces while the upper 12 floors are guest rooms.
This is the first 5-star hotel in Seoul designed by an Korean Architect.
A structure is put on the flow of outdoor space which is leaded from the northern road to the yard, and the order of the outdoor space is redesigned as an architectural scale.
So, indoor and outdoor spaces are related to each other and their relation is made one. The overall arrangement takes a traditional introvert design. This house is designed for 3 generations and individual areas of each generation are arranged at different levels in making a family room(dining room) as a main space.
The middle part of this house is vertically opened and each floor is connected to it, so that the interior space is wide-opened and organical. Vertical wall plates and horizontal slabs form the size of each place and connect the outside and the inside, and it is possible to see the view divided properly by them indoor. In addition, a canopy protruded long, curtain wall connected with a large glass, the level of a living room heightened slightly and others are used as subsidiary means for increasing the effect of view.
The interior and exterior finish are used all by mono tone of white plaster and expressed simply so that the structural pureness of the frame of this building is not missed.